Getting The Decimal Part Of A Number In ColdFusion
Over the weekend, I was fooling around with ColdFusion date/time values when I thought it would be useful to grab the decimal value of the date (the time part). Then it occurred to me - I don't think I have ever done this before. Now, I don't mean grabbing the actual fraction, I mean getting the integer value that is right of the decimal point.
After some good pacing, the only way to do this I could come up with through ColdFusion string manipulation. Since ColdFusion stores all simple values as strings, this makes manipulating values as strings quite natural. But, even when it came to string manipulation, I found two different ways to do this: one way uses a regular expression to strip out the decimal (and leading zero), the other way treats the value as a decimal-delimited list.
Here is the regular expression version:
<cffunction name="GetDecimal" access="public" returntype="numeric" output="false" hint="Returns the decimal value of the given number (as an integer)."> <!--- Define arguments. ---> <cfargument name="Value" type="numeric" required="true" /> <!--- Once we have the numeric decimal value, we can convert it to a string so that we can use a regular expression replace to strip out the starting zero and decimal point. ---> <cfreturn ToString( ARGUMENTS.Value - Fix( ARGUMENTS.Value ) ).ReplaceFirst( "^0?\.", "" ) /> </cffunction>
In this version, I am getting the decimal value but subtracting the fix()'d value from the actual value. This should result in a zero-leading decimal value. Then, I convert it to a string (just in case) and strip out the leading zero and decimal point. This results in the integer form of the decimal:
<!--- Get decimal values values. ---> #GetDecimal( 134.5464 )# #GetDecimal( 134 )# #GetDecimal( 134.34464 )# #GetDecimal( 134.45444554445 )#
... results in:
Notice that the second value, 134, results in the decimal value, 0.
In this next version, we treat the value as a decimal-point-delimited list. By doing that, we can just grab the last list item to get the decimal value as an integer:
<cffunction name="GetDecimal2" access="public" returntype="numeric" output="false" hint="Returns the decimal value of the given number (as an integer)."> <!--- Define arguments. ---> <cfargument name="Value" type="numeric" required="true" /> <!--- To get the decimal value, we are going to treate the value as a list with a decimal-point delimiter. When doing this, we will append our own value to make sure that the list has at least TWO (maybe three if there is already a decimal place) list items. ---> <cfreturn ListGetAt( (ARGUMENTS.Value & ".0"), 2, "." ) /> </cffunction>
Ok, so now we have two different approaches, which do we use? Time for some speed tests. Now, I know that I get a lot of crap for running CFLoop speed tests (not true load bearing speed tests), but hey come on, I don't get enough sleep for that sort of thing :) Take it with a grain of salt if you like.
<!--- Test the ColdFusion regular expression method. ---> <cftimer type="OUTLINE" label="Partial Math Method And RegEx"> <cfloop index="intI" from="1" to="1000" step="1"> <!--- Get a random decimal value to make sure that ColdFusion is not just optimizing the compiled code. ---> <cfset intDecimal = GetDecimal( "1." & RandRange( 1, 9 ) ) /> </cfloop> </cftimer> <!--- Test the decimal-delimited-list method. ---> <cftimer type="OUTLINE" label="Delimited List Method"> <cfloop index="intI" from="1" to="1000" step="1"> <!--- Get a random decimal value to make sure that ColdFusion is not just optimizing the compiled code. ---> <cfset intDecimal = GetDecimal2( "1." & RandRange( 1, 9 ) ) /> </cfloop> </cftimer>
Running the above speed tests, the delimited list method ran 2 to 3 times faster than the regular expression method (23-47ms vs. 74-123ms). Thinking about it, after the fact, this makes a lot of sense. The list method uses no math and no regular expressions; it just parses the number as a string and grabs part of its value. There is very easy to do. In the first version, I am actually doing math. No wonder it is slower.
Want to use code from this post? Check out the license.
I didn't do speed tests, but why not this?
<cfset number = 3.14159 />
<cfset decimal = number - int(number) />
That gives me:
... what I wanted to get was just
But this is basically doing the same thing as my Fix() method. Int() itself makes me a little nervous because it actually rounds, where as Fix() just strips off the decimal.
hi try using listLast() a with "." as the delimiter.
Good suggestion. ListGetAt(... 2), in this case is the same as ListLast()... but ListLast() is less typing :)
Oh wait, no, it;s not the same thing (which is why I didn't use it). Think of this scenario:
I append ".0" to that to get:
ListGetAt(.. 2) in this case is the same as ListLast(). However, if my initial value is:
... and then I append ".0" to get:
... then ListGetAt( ... 2) will give me "3", while ListLast() will get me "0".
I need to get ListGetAt() to deal with cases where I have a decimal point already vs. cases where I am dealing with a whole number.
You may find this a little more straightforward:
Not a bad idea. Thanks.
Why not use REVERSE(FIX(REVERSE(num)))?