A while back, I saw a interesting trick where someone used the MS DOS command, "copy," to hide MP3 files inside of images that they were uploading to Flickr. I thought that idea might be something fun to play around with in ColdFusion. After reading the documentation for the MS DOS copy command, it turns out that the trick they were using was simply appending one binary data to another. In ColdFusion and Java, that's pretty easy to do... but, could that possibly be all that it takes?
To test this from end to end, I am gonna do the following:
- ZIP several files together.
- Embed that ZIP file inside of a JPG image file.
- Read image file.
- Output image file to screen with new format.
- Read ZIP entries out of image and output query.
- Extract one of the ZIP entries and output.
I figure this way, we can see if the ZIP file can, in fact, be embedded in an image. And, if so, can we still use the image file successfully as both an image and a ZIP archive.
Here's the test:
<!--- Store the name of the image file into which we want to embed the zipped data. ---> <cfset strImageFile = "girl.jpg" /> <!--- This is the name of our new graphic with the embedded zip file. ---> <cfset strNewImageFile = "special_girl.jpg" /> <!--- Create the array of files we want to zip up and embed with in the image file. ---> <cfset arrFileNames = [ "DataFile_1.txt", "DataFile_2.txt", "DataFile_3.txt", "Song.mp3" ] /> <!--- Create our ZIP file based using all of the files above. This is the zip file that will be embedded in the image. ---> <cfzip action="zip" file="#ExpandPath( './data.zip' )#" overwrite="true"> <!--- Loop over files to add zip entries. ---> <cfloop index="strFileName" array="#arrFileNames#"> <cfzipparam source="#ExpandPath( './#strFileName#' )#" /> </cfloop> </cfzip> <!--- Create a binary output stream. This will be used to copy the zip file to the image file. ---> <cfset objOutputStream = CreateObject( "java", "java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream" ).Init() /> <!--- Loop over files that we want to join. The first is the image and the second is our zip data file. ---> <cfloop index="strFileName" list="#strImageFile#|data.zip" delimiters="|"> <!--- Read in the file binary data (byte array). ---> <cffile action="readbinary" file="#ExpandPath( './#strFileName#' )#" variable="binFileData" /> <!--- Append the file to the binary output buffer. ---> <cfset objOutputStream.Write( binFileData, JavaCast( "int", 0 ), JavaCast( "int", ArrayLen( binFileData ) ) ) /> </cfloop> <!--- Write the byte array stream to disk. ---> <cffile action="write" file="#ExpandPath( strNewImageFile )#" output="#objOutputStream.ToByteArray()#" /> <!--- Now, read the image file into ColdFusion and write it to the browser. This will test to see if it can be read and manipulated properly as an image. ---> <p> <cfimage action="writetobrowser" source="#strNewImageFile#" format="png" /> </p> <!--- Now, read the contents of the "zip" data out of the new image file. This will test to see if the image file can be read and properly manipulated as a ZIP file. ---> <cfzip action="list" file="#ExpandPath( strNewImageFile )#" name="qEntry" /> <!--- Trim the query for output. ---> <cfquery name="qEntry" dbtype="query"> SELECT name, size, type FROM qEntry </cfquery> <!--- Output the ColdFusion query. ---> <cfdump var="#qEntry#" label="#strNewImageFile# w/ Data Zip" /> <!--- Read the text data for a given entry. ---> <cfzip action="unzip" file="#ExpandPath( strNewImageFile )#" destination="#ExpandPath( './output' )#" entrypath="DataFile_1.txt" /> <!--- Include the text file. ---> <p> <cfinclude template="./output/DataFile_1.txt" /> </p>
As you can see, I am following the exact outline as above. And, when we run the above code, we get the following screen output:
Holy cow! I can't believe that actually works - and, that it is done so easily. ColdFusion successfully uses the new merged file as a JPG (converting it to a PNG for output) using CFImage; and, ColdFusion's CFZIP tag is able to read all the data entries and extract a given one to disk.
Want to use code from this post? Check out the license.